Opium has caused war, tragedy, suffering, addiction, and ruin wherever the drug touched on its voyage around the world. The plant responsible for this scourge is a simple flower. Papaver somniferum is more commonly known as the opium poppy and is actually a herb. The opium poppy is commonly found growing naturally in Southwestern Europe and Western Asia. When fully grown, the plant measures nearly four feet (1.2 meters) in height and has brilliant white, pink, red, or purple flowers. The plant is regularly cultivated in many countries, including Iran, Turkey, Poland, Holland, Czech Republic, Romania, India, Canada, and especially the Middle Eastern countries of Pakistan and Afghanistan. The opium poppy thrives in alkaline soil in places with moderate rain fall without a great deal of frost.
Poppy seeds are sewn at the end of March or April after the soil has been tilled and prepared. The seeds are sewn approximately one pound of poppy seeds per acre into rows approximately one foot apart. Sewers prefer the white seeds over the dark ones when planting poppies. A device is rolled over the seeds to ensure all the seeds are properly covered with soil. Once the plants grow to be three to four inches tall, they are separated and replanted in hills approximately six to nine inches apart. The fields are then tended for weeds or pests. Once the fruit begins to ripen, constant attention is given the poppies, especially those bearing light colored fruit. At this point in the poppys growing, nature plays a huge part in the success or failure of the plant. As the weight of the fruit causes the poppy to become top heavy, excessive rain or high winds can easily cause the flowers to be toppled, rendering their profitable product useless. In many countries (especially India) that produce poppies for the opium trade, growers remove the flower and reserve the petals. These petals will be used later along in the process for wrapping the opium after it has been prepared. The growers then make shallow cuts in the ripened capsules, allowing the milky sap to flow out of the slits. The sap is then allowed to harden. Time of the day and the weather has a great effect on this process. Usually, the capsules are cut and the sap is exuded in the afternoon, once the sun is high and the heat is great, causing a film to develop over the exuded sap and accelerating the hardening process.
The most lucrative part of the poppy is a milky sap that is contained inside immature seed capsules. This material is harvested by slicing the green seed pods and collecting the milky white sap. After the sap is harvested, the exudation is dried. This dried sap contains opium, which is made up of morphine, codeine, noscapine, papaverine, and thebaine. The ingredient chemicals (known as alkaloids) can be separated from opium and used for other legal and illegal purposes.
Not every part of the poppy is detrimental, as poppy seeds are often used in cooking and baking. Similarly, poppy oil is edible and often used as a type of cooking oil. Of course poppy oil has other uses, including in the making of paint, soap, and varnishes. Neither the poppy seed nor poppy oil contains alkaloids, and both are completely safe for consumption with no risk of intoxication or addiction.
Opium has been used historically as a medicine, but as people began to know its side effects, the substance became a popular recreational drug. As a medication, opium was used to cure anything from toothaches to alcoholism. Furthermore, morphine and codeine can be extracted from opium. These two alkaoids are principally used for medicine, specifically painkillers. As with opium, these two medications are extremely addicting and because abused without much provocation. Additionally, heroine, a tremendously potent drug, can be isolated from morphine.
Additional Articles on Poppies
The war on terror against countries the United States deems the .Axis of Evil. has impacted the war on opium. In Afghanistan, a major grower of poppies and trafficker of opium, the war on opium has all but ceased due to military activity in the Middle Eastern country. Actions including spraying the poppy fields with chemicals to kill the flowers are proposed measures as the war on opium advances again. This chemical spraying is be conducted from the air and hope to stop the opium trade at its source.the poppy fields. The State Department has requested a $750 million for an Afghanistan counter-narcotics program that is expected to be granted. An estimated $152 million of that aid is expected to be spent on the aerial poppy eradication program.
California.s Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve is truly one of the Golden State.s most unique state parks. Located in the western Antelope Valley, the Poppy Reserve is dedicated to preserving the state.s famed species of poppy.the California poppy. The state flower of California grows unrestrained in 1745 acre state park. The park does not water the poppies or provide any other maintenance to ensure the field is totally natural. Sheep used to graze amidst the poppies, however in the early 1970s the park relocated the flock, since the California poppy prefers to grow in an undisturbed environment. The only proactive means the Poppy Reserve has taken is performing prescribed burns. This action is performed in hopes to prevent devastating wild fires.
On March 6, 1996, just before 7:00p.m., Jim Hogshire, the author of Opium for the Masses was inside his apartment when over a dozen members of the Seattle Police Department Narcotics Unit burst in with a search warrant authorizing a search of the apartment for...
If you are interested in growing your own crop of opium poppies (Papaver somniferum), the seeds are available for sale online. The sites that sell these seeds make it a special point to say the seeds are not for growing. However, it can be assumed the majority of customers aren.t wishing to shell out that kind of money to buy poppy seeds for baking purposes.
This article will describe the process for growing opium poppies. As most poppies are somniferum in variety, most regular poppy farms are actually growing opium poppies.
The poppy plant, Paper somniferum.s history begins with the ancient Sumerians. The ancient Sumerians referred to the flower as .hul gil. or plant of joy. The Sumerians passed their knowledge of the plant to the Assyrians. The Assyrians gave their knowledge of poppy cultivation to the Babylonians who passed their understanding to the Egyptians. inThe opium trade flourished during the reign of the Egyptian Pharaohs. The Egyptian civilization promoted use of opium as a sleep aid. Even Egyptian Pharaohs were buried with opium artifacts.
Opium poppies are annuals, which means they grow, flower, and fruit in one season, then die. They generally like cool weather best. Barely cover the papaver somniferum seeds, and sow sparsely so you will have less to thin.
John McCrae's "In Flanders Fields the poppies grow" remains to this day one of the most memorable war poems ever written. It is a lasting legacy of the terrible battle in the Ypres salient in the spring of 1915.
Start making poppy seed cookies in a medium mixing bowl by beating butter with an electric mixer on medium to high speed for 30 seconds. Add granulated sugar, poppy seed, and baking soda; beat until combined, scraping sides of bowl occasionally.
The earliest opium production can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty in the provinces of Yunnan, Szechwan and Kansu. During the Ch'ing Dynasty ( AD>1645-1911), poppy planting was reported to have spread to Kwichow and Fukein. By 1836, it was grown extensively in Kwangtung, Fukien, Eastern Chekiang and Yunnan.
Numerous archeological finds point to the fact that opium has been the drug of choice for many civilizations, beginning with some of the oldest ones we are familiar with.
The opium poppy, Papaver somniferum is grown in many countries around the world, especially Afghanistan. This simple flower produces one of the most potent drugs in the world. Usually, there are incredible efforts in place to combat the cultivation of Papaver somniferum and the United States takes an active role in the attempt to curb opium production.
Smack, china white, horse, black tar . . . all slang names for heroin. We are often told what happens to our bodies and our minds if we use this drug made from opium poppy, but less commonly discussed is how the byproduct of a simple flower is converted into one of the most addictive drugs known to man. Also, not discussed much is how this drug makes its way from far-off growing opium poppy fields to the United States.
Opium has caused war, tragedy, suffering, addiction, and ruin wherever the drug touched on its voyage around the world. The plant responsible for this scourge is a simple flower. Papaver somniferum is more commonly known as the opium poppy and is actually a herb. The opium poppy is commonly found growing naturally in Southwestern Europe and Western Asia.
There are Poppies and oriental poppy, old-fashioned ones and new varieties, and it would almost seem that they grow more dazzling and more gorgeous each year. Perhaps they are grown in a greater number of gardens and we see their brilliant colors everywhere during the early Summer months, or perhaps, we too have learned the secret of growing these delicate silken flowers which constantly command attention.
Poppies are beautifully colored vibrant flowers that are native to many parts of the world. By far, the most infamous type of poppy is the Papaver somniferum, more commonly known as the opium poppy.
Poppies are lovely wildflowers that compliment many types of gardens. There are over 400 species of poppies, most of which are herbaceous plants, although a few are shrubs. These varieties of poppies grow in many different climates all over the world. The most infamous variety of poppy by far is the Papaver somniferous.
Poppy Pods are the seed pods of Papaver or Poppy plant. Used for centuries as a sleep aid and painkiller, poppies have always been a popular plant due to their aesthetic value and medicinal properties.
The poppy is a lovely annual flower with vividly bright leaves. Types of poppies grow in various places all over the world, but one specific poppy produces this potent drug. The opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, grows naturally in an arid climate.specifically a 4,500 stretch of land from Turkey to Laos in Southern Asia. This mountainous terrain proves to be an excellent growing environment for the plant, with warm temperatures, high altitudes, and dry soil.
Only a handful of common garden flowers, all once so valued in medicine are to be found in drugstores today. Among them the poppy is one of the most important. They are few people who get through life without being grateful at one time or another for the freedom from pain that the medicine made from the poppy can bring. Morphine and Codeine are two familiar drugs made from the poppy.
The red poppy is most recognizable symbol for disabled veterans of many countries. This symbolic flower has been around for thousands of years, however the tradition of associating the poppy with disabled veterans stems from World War I. John McCrae.s famous poem .In Flanders Field. placed the simple flower in history.